What Causes Urinary Incontinence?

Urinary incontinence is defined as the loss of bladder control, or the involuntary leakage of urine. The severity ranges from occasionally leaking urine when coughing or sneezing to having such a sudden urge to urinate that the person is unable to reach a toilet in time. It occurs more often as people get older, but simple lifestyle changes or medical treatment can help ease discomfort or stop urinary incontinence altogether. 

 

Types

There are a few types of urinary incontinence, including the following:

  • Overflow incontinence - Experiencing frequent or constant dribbling of urine due to a bladder that does not empty completely

  • Urge incontinence - Sudden, intense urges to urinate resulting in involuntary loss of urine. You may feel the need to urinate often, including through the night. It can be caused by infection or a minor condition, or a more severe condition like diabetes or a neurologic disorder.

  • Stress incontinence - Urine leaks when pressure is exerted on the bladder by laughing, sneezing, coughing, exercising, or heavy lifting.

  • Functional incontinence - A mental or physical impairment keeps you from making it to the toilet, such as being unable to unbutton your pants quickly due to severe arthritis.

  • Mixed incontinence - Experiencing more than one type of urinary incontinence.

 

Causes

Urinary incontinence can be caused by everyday habits, underlying medical conditions, or physical problems. Temporary urinary incontinence may be caused by certain foods, drinks, and medications that act as diuretics. This may include caffeine, alcohol, artificial sweeteners, chocolate, heart and blood pressure medications, sedatives, or muscle relaxants. Urinary incontinence may also be caused by easily treatable conditions like a urinary tract infection or constipation. Persistent urinary incontinence can be caused by underlying physical problems or changes, including menopause, pregnancy, hysterectomy, prostate cancer, enlarged prostate, or neurological disorders like Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, stroke, brain tumor, or spinal injury.

 

Prevention

Although urinary incontinence is not always preventable, you can help decrease your risk by maintaining a healthy weight, eat more fiber to prevent constipation, avoid bladder irritants, practice pelvic floor exercises, and stop smoking.

 

Peak Physical Therapy

Our South Shore Physical Therapy practice specializes in unique health and wellness programs including a new Pelvic Health Program for men, women, and pediatrics. Locations include Norwell, MA, Scituate, MA, Quincy, MA, and Hanover, MA. Our specialized programs combined with state-of-the-art facilities allow us to meet the unique needs of our local patients and achieve the fastest results. If you are unsure whether this type of treatment can help you, we offer a no-obligation FREE injury screening. Clickhere for more information.

Get in touch by filling out the form below

Please contact us to schedule an appointment or, if you need to ask any questions.
We look forward to hearing from you.
To send us an email, please complete this form. (* required fields)

LOCATIONS:

Norwell, MA
Scituate, MA
Quincy, MA
Hanover, MA
Braintree, MA
Pembroke, MA

AQUATICS LOCATIONS:

Hanover, MA
  • Healthtrax Health Club
  • 20 East St.
  • Hanover, MA 02339
  • Phone/Text: 781-347-4686
Scituate, MA
  • Scituate Health and Racquet Club
  • 1004 Chief Justice Cushing Hwy
  • Scituate, MA 02066
  • Phone/Text: 781-378-2352

PELVIC HEALTH LOCATIONS:

Norwell, MA
  • Women's Health
  • 99 Longwater Circle
  • Suite 203
  • Norwell, MA 02061
  • Phone/Text 781-347-4686
Scituate, MA
Quincy, MA
Braintree, MA